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Ex-FARC Mafia

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Chronicle of a Threat Foretold: the ex-FARC Mafia

Colombia's peace process is at a critical stage. A growing number of FARC dissidents have taken up arms again, raising the question -...
rebel ex farc
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The Future of the Ex-FARC Mafia

Colombia is at a crossroads. Several paths lay before it. One sees the ex-FARC mafia consigned to the dustbin of history in a short period of time. However, there...
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Ex-FARC Mafia, Venezuela and the Current International Climate

After 2002, under increasing pressure from security forces, the FARC moved much of their leadership, logistics and funding outside of Colombia, particularly to...
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The Criminal Portfolio of the Ex-FARC Mafia

With Colombia now producing more cocaine than ever before, the rise of illegal mining, as well as widespread extortion, the ex-FARC mafia has all the resources it...
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The Tipping Point: Iván Márquez Deserts the Peace Process

In August 2019, the nature of the ex-FARC mafia changed from a localized nuisance to a national security threat. Iván Márquez and several of the more notorious...
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The Evolution of the Ex-FARC Mafia

Even before the signing of the 2016 peace agreement between the FARC and the Colombian government, it was clear that not all of the former guerillas would welcome...
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Is Colombia Condemned to Repeat History?

There were always going to be dissident elements from the FARC, from those who were unconvinced by the peace deal or simply refused to consider it. However, the...
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Sucumbíos: Lawless Ecuador Border Province Is Sanctuary for Traffickers

In January 2019, heavily armed gunmen traveling in a truck and on a motorbike ambushed a small group of anti-narcotics agents in Sucumbíos, the Ecuadorean province...
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Ex-FARC Mafia Kill Colombia Indigenous Amid Illicit Crop Conflicts

FARC dissidents massacred a group of indigenous guards protecting a reserve in Colombia's southwestern department of Cauca, adding to the killings of indigenous and...
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Esmeraldas: An Ecuador Province Gripped by Drug Conflict

For the Ecuadorean province of Esmeraldas on the Pacific side of the Colombia border, 2019 began with a warning that the horrors of the past year were no...
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Increase in Violence Leads to More Forced Displacements in Colombia

A recent report has shown the scale to which forced displacements due to violence are increasing in Colombia, primarily affecting vulnerable groups like...
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Why Are Social Leaders Dying in Colombia’s Cauca?

In early 2018, Colombia’s Ombudsman's Office sounded the alarm regarding an unprecedented increase in the murders of social leaders nationwide. Over 18 months...