The Complete Organized Crime Database on the Americas
Over 60 percent of people in Uruguay believe the country's marijuana law should be repealed, indicating continued widespread opposition to legalizing marijuana as the implementation process for the new legislation drags on.
The government in Jamaica has taken the first concrete steps towards decriminalizing marijuana use by approving changes to drug laws, paving the way for reform in a country where marijuana politics are complicated by both cultural and criminal factors.
Mexico's President Enrique Peña Nieto has said he is willing to discuss legalizing marijuana, becoming the latest regional leader to question the drug prohibition paradigm and begin to confront the failures of interdiction-based policies.
Peru has slashed its coca eradication goal in the country's main coca growing region and backed away from plans for forced eradication, confirming a dramatic policy u-turn it says is in response to the threat posed by the Shining Path guerrillas.
The government in Peru has fired its anti-narcotics chief in a surprise move that could signal a return to the President's initial -- but rapidly abandoned --policy of seeking alternatives to forced coca eradication.
The routes and methods used by drug traffickers are in constant flux, but it is not easy to pinpoint the causes of these shifts. However, it is clear that interdiction programs have failed to halt supply in consumer states and instead appear to have facilitated the migration of organized crime -- a phenomenon with important implications for drug policy
Colombia's government and the FARC have reached an agreement on drug trafficking and illegal crops, though the fate of the peace talks may hinge on the result of the country's upcoming election.
Guatemala is examining the possibility of taxing legalized drug crop cultivation, de-penalizing low level drug crimes and offering amnesty to people convicted of small scale drug possession and sale, as it moves further and further away from the US-led prohibition paradigm.
The United States has announced the withdrawal of key anti-drug personnel from Ecuador in an apparent tit-for-tat reaction to the recent expulsion of US military officials, further widening the ever larger gaps in its regional counternarcotics operations.
Uruguay has announced many of the finer details of its marijuana legalization legislation, with regulations that demonstrate a concerted effort to minimize the risk of large-scale trafficking.