The Complete Organized Crime Database on the Americas
A consensus has been building in Latin America that drug use should be treated as a health and not a criminal issue. But has this rhetoric become an on-the-ground reality?
Argentina's president has endorsed the idea of developing more lenient drug legislation, marking the country's first step towards joining a regional push for alternative solutions to the illegal drug problem and raising the question of whether it could follow a similar path as Uruguay.
Around 2,000 inmates convicted of low-level drug offences could be released in Ecuador under a new criminal code, as countries across the Americas slowly move away from harsh punishments for minor drug crimes.
Over 60 percent of people in Uruguay believe the country's marijuana law should be repealed, indicating continued widespread opposition to legalizing marijuana as the implementation process for the new legislation drags on.
The government in Jamaica has taken the first concrete steps towards decriminalizing marijuana use by approving changes to drug laws, paving the way for reform in a country where marijuana politics are complicated by both cultural and criminal factors.
Mexico's President Enrique Peña Nieto has said he is willing to discuss legalizing marijuana, becoming the latest regional leader to question the drug prohibition paradigm and begin to confront the failures of interdiction-based policies.
Peru has slashed its coca eradication goal in the country's main coca growing region and backed away from plans for forced eradication, confirming a dramatic policy u-turn it says is in response to the threat posed by the Shining Path guerrillas.
The government in Peru has fired its anti-narcotics chief in a surprise move that could signal a return to the President's initial -- but rapidly abandoned --policy of seeking alternatives to forced coca eradication.
The routes and methods used by drug traffickers are in constant flux, but it is not easy to pinpoint the causes of these shifts. However, it is clear that interdiction programs have failed to halt supply in consumer states and instead appear to have facilitated the migration of organized crime -- a phenomenon with important implications for drug policy
Colombia's government and the FARC have reached an agreement on drug trafficking and illegal crops, though the fate of the peace talks may hinge on the result of the country's upcoming election.