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The mad scramble for criminal power in the aftermath of the demobilization of the United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC) is over. The Urabeños, or as they prefer to call themselves, the "Autodefensas Gaitanistas de Colombia," have won. Read More
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Colombia News

Narco-Paramilitary Boss Pijarbey Set to Be Major Colombian Kingpin

Narco-Paramilitary Boss Pijarbey Set to Be Major Colombian Kingpin

A former paramilitary known as "Pijarbey" is rebuilding the drug empire of fragmented trafficking group the ERPAC in Colombia's Eastern Plains, and is now positioning himself to become a major actor in Colombia's underworld --... Read more

Colombia Country Profile

Despite the government’s advances in security over the last decade, at least a half dozen major criminal groups still operate in Colombia. Several of them have put ideology aside and focus on drug production, trafficking and distribution on a local level, even while they continue to move arms, launder money, kidnap and extort.

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FARC

FARC

As the biggest irregular army in Colombia, the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas... Read more

Urabeños

Urabeños

The Urabeños, also known as the Gaitanista Self-Defense Forces, are one of the most ambitious,... Read more

Rastrojos

Rastrojos

The Rastrojos were born out of the powerful Norte del Valle drug cartel and rose... Read more

Oficina de Envigado

Oficina de Envigado

The inheritors of Pablo Escobar’s drug trafficking empire in Colombia, the Oficina de Envigado is... Read more

ERPAC

ERPAC

The Popular Revolutionary Anti-Terrorist Army of Colombia (Ejercito Revolucionario Popular Antiterrorista Colombiano - ERPAC) began... Read more

AUC

AUC

The United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia - AUC) was a coalition... Read more

Aguilas Negras

Aguilas Negras

The Aguilas Negras, or Black Eagles, emerged from the failures of the demobilization process between... Read more

Paisas

Paisas

The Paisas first emerged as a rural militia that grew out of the demobilized AUC... Read more

Norte del Valle Cartel

Norte del Valle Cartel

The Norte del Valle Cartel (NDVC) emerged out of the breakup of the infamous Cali... Read more

ELN

ELN

The National Liberation Army (Ejercito de Liberacion Nacional - ELN) is one of the two... Read more

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El Loco Barrera

El Loco Barrera

Daniel Barrera Barrera, alias "El Loco," was the closest thing Colombia has to a modern... Read more

Diego Rastrojo

Diego Rastrojo

Diego Perez Henao, alias 'Diego Rastrojo,' was the military head of the Rastrojos, a criminal... Read more

Comba

Comba

Javier Antonio Calle Serna, alias “Comba,” was the top leader of the Rastrojos, a group... Read more

Sebastian (Oficina)

Sebastian (Oficina)

Erickson Vargas Cardenas, alias "Sebastian," is a former hitman turned leader of the feared Oficina... Read more

Otoniel

Otoniel

Dario Antonio Usuga, alias "Otoniel," has a long and bloody history of working for various... Read more

Valenciano

Valenciano

Maximiliano Bonilla Orozco, alias "Valenciano," was a leader in the Oficina de Envigado criminal organization,... Read more

Ivan Marquez

Ivan Marquez

Luciano Marin, alias "Ivan Marquez," is a member of the ruling Secretariat of the FARC guerrilla... Read more

Luis E. Calle Serna

Luis E. Calle Serna

Luis Enrique Calle Serna was a leader in the feared and ambitious Rastrojos criminal organization in... Read more

Alfonso Cano

Alfonso Cano

Guillermo Leon Saenz Vargas, alias "Alfonso Cano," was the supreme commander of the Revolutionary Armed... Read more

Giovanni

Giovanni

Juan de Dios Usuga headed the Urabeños' military wing while the group was under the... Read more

Chepe

Chepe

Rafael Alvarez Piñeda, alias "Chepe," demobilized from the paramilitary United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC)... Read more

Sebastian (Paisas)

Sebastian (Paisas)

Angel de Jesus Pacheco Chanci, alias "Sebastian," is generally recognized as being responsible for a... Read more

Mono Jojoy

Mono Jojoy

Until his death in September 2010, Victor Julio Suarez Rojas, alias "Mono Jojoy," was the... Read more

Antonio Garcia

Antonio Garcia

Eliécer Erlinto Chamorro, alias 'Antonio García,' is the number two commander in Colombia’s National Liberation... Read more

Mono Vides

Mono Vides

A former fighter in the paramilitary United Self-Defense Forces of Colombia (AUC), Cesar Augusto Torres Lujan,... Read more

Gabino

Gabino

Nicolas Rodriguez Bautista, alias "Gabino," was a peasant recruit who has emerged to become the... Read more

Cuchillo

Cuchillo

Pedro Oliveiro Guerrero, alias "Cuchillo," demobilized with the paramilitaries before forming successor group the Popular Revolutionary Anti-Terrorist... Read more

Mi Sangre

Mi Sangre

Medellin native Henry de Jesus Lopez, alias "Mi Sangre,” began his criminal career with the... Read more

Timochenko

Timochenko

Rodrigo Londoño Echeverry, alias "Timochenko," is only the third commander-in-chief in the FARC's nearly 50-year... Read more

Caracho

Caracho

Jose Eberto Lopez Montero, alias "Caracho," is a former soldier who was recruited into the... Read more

Don Berna

Don Berna

Until his extradition to the United States in 2008, Diego Fernando Murillo, alias “Don Berna,”... Read more

Gavilan

Gavilan

Roberto Vargas Gutierrez, alias “Gavilan,” has transformed himself from Maoist guerrilla to Read more

Megateo

Megateo

Victor Ramon Navarro Serrano, alias "Megateo," leads the only remaining faction of the EPL guerrilla... Read more

Marquitos

Marquitos

Marcos de Jesus Figueroa Garcia, alias "Marquitos," is a powerful underworld figure in Colombia's northeast... Read more

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Country Profile - Colombia

Colombia Country Profile
Colombia
Colombia is one of the world's largest producers of cocaine, which has financed the existence of numerous insurgent and criminal groups.
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