Investigation and Analysis of Organized Crime
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Illegal Mining

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GameChangers 2019: Illegal Mining, Latin America’s Go-To Criminal Economy

The criminal, economic and political dynamics behind illegal gold rushes this past year in Venezuela and Ecuador were very different. But both countries illustrate...
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Illegal Mining Behind Mercury Contamination Harming Colombia’s Indigenous

Mercury contamination caused by illegal mining in Colombia's Amazon is threatening the welfare of Indigenous communities who are now seeking legal action against...
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Jade: New Crown Jewel for Crime Groups in Guatemala

Authorities have uncovered that an eastern coastal region of Guatemala, known to be a cocaine corridor, has been used in the trafficking of jade -- a gemstone used...
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Guyana’s Mining Region is Open Door to Venezuelan Organized Crime

A recent Crisis Group report explores criminal dynamics in the Guyanese mining region bordering Venezuela, revealing how the chaos and violence of Venezuela’s...
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The Criminal Portfolio of the Ex-FARC Mafia

With Colombia now producing more cocaine than ever before, the rise of illegal mining, as well as widespread extortion, the ex-FARC mafia has all the resources it...
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Venezuela Archipelago, New Hotspot for Drug Smuggling

The Los Roques Archipelago -- a group of islands off Venezuela's northern coast known for their white sand beaches and turquoise waters -- has become a staging...
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Why Environmental Security is Paramount to Venezuela’s Future

Venezuela’s historic meltdown is often explained as a consequence of bad governance, corruption and the collapse of the oil sector or of international sanctions....
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Illegal Gold Mining Operations Enter New Parts of Peru

Dredgers have been found in several rivers across Peru's northern department of Loreto, confirming that illegal gold mining has been rapidly expanding into...
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Illegal Mining Crackdown in Timbiquí, Colombia Angers Residents

Recent raids on illegal mining operations in Timbiquí, Cauca were part of a broad crackdown on criminal economies being used by ex-FARC mafia groups, but they may...
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Will Peru’s Gold King Ever Be Held Accountable?

Peru has agreed to send accused international gold smuggler Peter Ferrari to the United States to face trial -- but it's unclear when, or even whether, he will face...
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Drones Are Limited Weapon Against Illegal Mining in Peru

Peru has deployed drones to some of the country's remote areas to track illegal mining, but using the information to capture and make cases against illegal miners...
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Peru’s Illegal Mining Hotspot Has Other Crimes to Worry About

Peruvian authorities dismantled a human trafficking network operating in the region of Madre de Dios, a territory known for illegal mining activity....