Investigation and Analysis of Organized Crime
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ELN

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New Criminal Alliance Fending Off ELN at Colombia-Venezuela Border

A new alliance between two of Colombia's main criminal groups is seeking to contest the ELN's control of lucrative criminal economies along the border with...
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GameChangers 2020: 3 Ways Criminal Groups Overcame Coronavirus

As COVID-19 threatened the well-being of the populations they depend on for criminal income, it was largely in the interest of criminal groups to try and keep the...
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GameChangers 2020: How Black Markets Became the New Normal

In a region where 50 percent of the population already makes its living in the informal market, it was perhaps of little surprise that black markets exploded in...
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The Endless War to Control Northwest Colombia’s Drug Routes

The killing of an Indigenous leader in Bahia Solano, on Colombia’s Pacific Coast, adds to mounting violence that has fueled the displacement of hundreds, as the...
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Los Pachenca Seek New Sanctuary for Drug Operations at Colombia’s Tip

A 14-ton seizure of cocaine has exposed a trafficking network linking Colombian trafficking group Los Pachecna to a small smuggling organization on the La Guajira...
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ELN Likely to Quickly Move Past Uriel’s Death in Colombia

The killing of ELN commander Uriel -- a well-known figure often seen in propaganda videos and press reports -- is a visible win for Colombia’s security forces,...
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Enemies to Allies – How Venezuela Decides Which Criminal Groups Thrive

The Venezuelan government and security forces have spent the last few months building up a criminal known as Santanita and his gang as one of their major targets,...
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Criminal Governance Under Coronavirus: How Colombian Groups Seized the Day

The coronavirus pandemic sparked a shift in Colombia as criminal actors the nation over sought to profit from the sudden change in conditions, the refocusing of...
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More Than Drug Trafficking Drives Violence in Colombia’s Nariño

The Colombian government has blamed drug trafficking for three massacres in the south of the country, but violence in the region is likely spurred by armed groups,...
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Venezuela Indigenous Communities at Risk From ELN Mining Incursions

Recent incursions by the ELN to set up illegal mining facilities along the Caura River in central Venezuela are being seen as a threat by local Indigenous...
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Between Contraband and Coronavirus: Migration Dynamics at the Venezuela-Colombia Border

As Venezuelan citizens try to return home during the coronavirus pandemic, their own government has accused them of spreading the virus while illegal groups along...
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The ELN’s Repeated Demands for a Ceasefire in Colombia

In recent months, the ELN has made several attempts to reach a ceasefire but these have been continually rebuffed by the Colombian government, which claims the...