The Complete Organized Crime Database on the Americas
A US indictment against commanders of Peru's Shining Path guerrilla group is a boost to the Peruvian security forces' campaign for increased US support against the insurgency. However, the charges are unlikely to result in rebel leaders standing trial in the US, and could even prove counter-productive for efforts to uproot both the rebels and Peru's drug trade.
Peru is reportedly home to at least 60 criminal groups which extort the construction industry under the guise of trade unions, indicating the development and expansion of local organized crime.
Some 92 percent of Peru's mayors are under investigation for corruption, a staggering figure that underscores rampant corruption and a culture of impunity among politicians.
Government figures show Peru is on track to meet its 2014 coca eradication goals, but the authorities' focus on central areas at the expense of the VRAEM region betrays ongoing concerns about the abilities of the Shining Path guerrillas to disrupt efforts.
Authorities in Peru have seized over 200 tons of contraband after a violent confrontation with smugglers operating as part of the so-called "Snake of the North" -- a smuggling chain in which convoys of vehicles move products originating from Chile through Bolivia and into Peru.
Alleged drug traffickers have killed a major in Peru's anti-drugs police after ambushing his patrol in the Amazon tri-border region, a worrying sign of growing influence and capacity of criminal groups in this important smuggling area, which is also an important center for drug production.
According to the UNODC, the number of hectares of coca cultivated in Colombia, Peru and Bolivia has decreased. Somebody should tell that to the drug traffickers in Peru's VRAEM region, where aerial drug transit continues at a feverish pace with little state ability or action to stop it.
Peru has implemented a new law to fight organized crime, providing law enforcement with better investigation tools amidst an increase in criminal activity, but raising concerns over corruption and abuses of power.
Authorities in Peru have identified seven human trafficking groups responsible for smuggling undocumented migrants through the country and into Brazil, highlighting how the emergence of new migration patterns leads to the development of new criminal networks.
A recent report ranking levels of peace around the world rates most Latin American countries as having medium or high levels of peace, a finding that stands in sharp contrast to the high rates of homicide and violent crime plaguing the region.