The Complete Organized Crime Database on the Americas
Two seizures of illegal Peruvian gold have reportedly been traced to a Russian businessman who was part of an exploitative export chain in Peru that reaches all the way to Switzerland. The seizures shed light on the workings of an illicit trade possibly worth more to Peru than cocaine.
Authorities in Peru have declared the end of the northern faction of the Shining Path guerrillas after arresting the man believed to be its latest leader, a claim they have made before but which is probably not far from the truth.
Peru and Bolivia have met to reinforce cooperation on anti-drug efforts along their shared border, and to combat the growing air traffic moving coca base and cocaine from Peru into Bolivia, an air bridge which, due to a lack of technology, the authorities seem unable to cut.
A Bolivian pilot shot dead while trying to fly cocaine out of Peru was reportedly linked to the Sinaloa Cartel, suggesting Mexican cartels are moving in on European trafficking routes through Bolivia and Brazil.
Peru has eradicated a record amount of coca in 2013, surpassing the country's goal for the year of 22,000 hectares, an achievement likely linked both to increased anti-drug efforts and better accessibility in regions formerly controlled by Shining Path guerrillas.
The police unit responsible for investigating organized crime in Peru is set to see its budget triple next year, a sign the country is bolstering efforts against organized crime to accompany harsh new penalties introduced earlier this year.
Authorities in Ecuador have seized two tons of cocaine near the border with Peru, suggesting the country's growing role as a drug transit point for traffickers moving Peruvian as well as Colombian cocaine.
Peru's counternarcotics police have reported the doubling of precursor chemical seizures since 2011, with the substances seized highlighting the use of substitute chemicals to skirt controls imposed on traditional precursors.
Criminal groups operating in the city of Trujillo, in northwestern Peru, make over $4 million a year extorting public transport companies, illustrating the highly lucrative nature of this criminal activity.
Peru is a mega-producer of cocaine. Alongside Colombia (with Bolivia a distant third), it exports a large percentage of the cocaine the world consumes. What has passed unnoticed during this growth are the swift changes in how the cocaine is moved.