The Complete Organized Crime Database on the Americas
Peru plans to dedicate $300 million to anti-drug efforts in 2014, showing the country's commitment to diminishing its role in the cocaine trade, though the sum is small when compared with the amount of money that has been poured into similar efforts in neighboring Colombia over past years.
The Shining Path guerrillas in Peru have broken months of calm with a series of attacks against military targets, in what could be the beginning of a resurgence or alternatively a sign of weakness after the killing of key leaders.
Authorities in Peru suspect half of all the country's gold exporters have connections to illegal gold mining, demonstrating just how entwined the legal and illegal Peruvian gold markets have become.
Special security teams tasked with catching contraband gold smuggling will be placed in five airports in Peru, though the efficiency of gold laundering inside the country means the initiative will likely have limited impact on the billion dollar trade.
Slave-like conditions, frequent accidents, disease and sexual exploitation are a normal part of the illegal gold mining trade in Peru, a gripping report by a watchdog group reveals.
The Peruvian government has announced plans to attempt major coca eradication in the VRAEM region for the first time this year, a necessary step but one that could lead to violent confrontation.
The final report of Peru's corruption "mega-commission" has called for ex-president Alan Garcia to be constitutionally and criminally indicted for his role in the so-called "narco-pardons" scandal, although Garcia's supporters are already rallying for a counter-attack against the findings.
Extortion by criminal groups is now an accepted cost of doing business for small businesses and construction companies in Peru, according to experts. The practice is facilitated by corrupt police forces that charge money for protection and collaborate with criminal groups.
Anti-narcotics police in Bolivia have discovered five "narco-airstrips" and seized close to 400 kilos of drugs in an operation that shines a light on how traffickers operate on the Bolivian leg of the Peru to Brazil cocaine air bridge.
There were months of passivity from the authorities while the face of drug trafficking in the region of Peru known as the VRAEM changed: the trains of people carrying drug-laden backpacks became history, and air trafficking once again became the way to export massive shipments. With the constant increase in flights, clandestine airstrips multiplied and the drone of airplanes taking off and flying overhead underlined the boom in drug trafficking and the impunity with which traffickers operated.