Accessible by air and river, Miraflores is an island in the forests of southern Colombia that is home to thousands of hectares of illicit crops as well as the dissident 1st Front of the demobilized FARC guerrilla group.
Time is running out for Colombia's government to establish the legal framework for implementing a peace agreement with the now-former insurgents of the FARC guerrilla group. Failure to do would be a severe blow to the peace process that risks further destabilizing an already volatile post-conflict underworld.
The Colombian government has released estimates indicating that only a small percentage of former FARC guerrillas have abandoned the peace process. But InSight Crime field research indicates that the actual number of dissidents is much higher, and could be growing due to issues related to the implementation of a November 2016 peace agreement with the rebel group.
Dissidents of Colombia's FARC guerrilla group have suffered their most significant blow to date in a military operation that lead to the death of a guerrilla commander who refused to demobilize under last year's peace agreement. But while a militarized approach to fighting dissidents may yield limited results, the government's best weapon against FARC desertion remains the swift and full implementation of reintegration measures for demobilized fighters.